Tuesday, 23 August 2016

Spanish 2nd Cavalry Division - Army of Estremadura

The Almanza Dragoon Regiment, one of the units that was part of the
Spanish 2nd Cavalry Division
It was way way back in February last year when I sat down to map out the plans for the Spanish forces that will feature in my Talavera project and precisely those parts of the Army of Estremadura that became involved in the combat on the British end of the Allied line.

http://jjwargames.blogspot.co.uk/2015/02/the-army-of-estremadura-at-talavera-1809.html

As the build up of the project was all about creating smaller scenarios that would facilitate games with the collection as it grew, I started with General Portago's 3rd Division that was significantly engaged in the afternoon of the 28th July by General Laval's German Division and became a major part of the "Attack on the Pajar Vergara" the last game of which featured at this year's Legionary Show in Exeter and appeared in Miniature Wargames Magazine the following month.

http://jjwargames.blogspot.co.uk/2015/04/spanish-3rd-division-talavera.html

The map illustrates the position of the northern valley forces (left) and the Spanish forces deployed to support the
Cerro de Medellin
With the completion of the British and French orders of battle it now just remains to complete the Spanish forces that deployed to the left flank of the Allied line that hot July afternoon in 1809 to bolster Wellesley's defences in the northern valley and resist any assault on the key Cerro de Medellin hill feature that anchored the whole Allied position.

These forces consisted of General Bassecourt's 5th Infantry Division of mainly Spanish line infantry and Marines and General Albuquerque's 2nd Cavalry Division that swung in behind the British cavalry under Generals Anson and Fane (see the map above).

Luis Alejandro de Bassecourt commanding the
Spanish 5th Infantry Division
5th Division: Major-General Bassecourt - Source Oman
Real Marina (Royal Marines), lst Infantry Regiment (2 Battalions)
3/Africa Infantry Regiment
Murcia Infantry Regiment (2)
l/Reyna Infantry Regiment
Provincial de Siguenza (Militia) (l)

José María de la Cueva, 14th Duke of Albuquerque and
commander of the Spanish 2nd Cavalry Division at Talavera
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/José_María_de_la_Cueva,_14th_Duke_of_Albuquerque

2nd Division: Lieutenant-General Duquede Albuquerque - Source Oman
Carabineros Reales (l Squadron)
Infante Cavalry Regiment
Alcantara Cavalry Regiment
Pavia Cavalry Regiment
Almanza Cavalry Regiment
lst Hussars of Estremadura
2nd Hussars of Estremadura

Carabineros Reales
As covered in the post about the Army of Estremadura as a whole, it was, following the Spanish defeat at the Battle of Medellin in March 1809, truly remarkable that the Army of Estremadura was still in existence.

Infante Heavy Cavalry Regiment
The aspect of that previous defeat was the need to rebuild the force from the cadres of the survivors which meant that many untried and poorly trained recruits were now in the ranks of both the infantry and cavalry.

Pavia Regiment of Dragoons
The Spanish infantry could be forgiven for having little faith in their cavalry to support them following their poor performance at Medellin which had caused them to suffer the casualties they did. However it must also be remembered that the only successful cavalry charge made at Talavera was by the El Rey Cavalry in support of Portago's infantry around the Pajar redoubt.

Battle of Medellín 28th March 1809

Alcantara Heavy Cavalry Regiment
With regard to researching the strengths of the various regiments in Albuquerque's division, it is very difficult to pin down any reliable source and I have found several contradictory guesstimates from various sources.

So what can be said about the cavalry arm in General Cuesta's army at Talavera with any degree of certainty other than the units recorded on the order of battle, and even on that point I have found some digression.

Most of the sources seem to determine the total amount of cavalry in the two Spanish divisions as numbering around 6-7,000 men and horses. Some of the units were regiments in name only with units such as the Carabineros Reales only fielding one squadron and the two regiments of Estremaduran Hussars reported to have had variously 4-6 squadrons.

Even the look of these units has to speculative given the state of Spanish arms and supplies at this time and the losses suffered in March at Medellin.



Estremaduran Hussars
I therefore have decided to make my own educated guesstimate based on the sources available and have decided to work on the basis of the 2nd Cavalry Division numbering some 2,500 men allowing for 3,500 men with the 1st Cavalry Division and leaning towards the smaller total of cavalry at 6,000 men.

This total number of 2,500 men is split between effectively five full regiments or twenty squadrons and has the Estremaduran Hussars amalgamated into one unit of four squadrons and sees the squadron of Carabineros Reales being attached out to the other regiments of dragoons and heavies at a generic four squadrons. This plan effectively has an average squadron strength of about 125 men each which looks about right.

These five regiments are pictured here in this post and will form the basis of the look of my units given all the caveats on precisely how reliable that look is.

Several sources suggest the single four gun horse battery that was with Cuesta's army was also attached to the 2nd Cavalry Division when it was detached to Wellesley's left flank, being positioned alongside the Spanish half battery of 12 lbrs on the Cerro de Medellin with the British guns, and so I will add the Spanish gun teams at a later stage for completeness.

Spanish Horse Artillery
So there is the plan for the next few months starting with these five regiments of Spanish cavalry and initially with the Estremaduran Hussars. As in previous projects I will share the information I have gathered on each unit as we go, so I hope you will find it interesting to look at the individual Spanish regiments in detail.

References consulted for this post
http://www.eborense.es/batalla_talavera1809_indice.html
Talavera, Wellington's First Victory in Spain - Andrew W Field
Great Battles in History Refought - Talavera, Partidge & Oliver
Talavera 1809, Wellington's Lightning Strike into Spain - Chartrand & Turner (Osprey Campaign)
Sir Charles Oman - History of the Peninsular War.

Sunday, 21 August 2016

Virginia Regiment - French Indian War

George Washington in the uniform of Colonel the Virginia Regiment - 1772
The Virginia Regiment was raised in 1754 initially under the command of Colonel Joshua Fry, a soldier, surveyor and mapmaker, and a 'West-countryman' having been born in Crewekerne, Somerset. He was and is most famous for his collaboration in producing a map of the state of Virginia in 1752.

Joshua Fry

Colonel Fry was on his way to attack the French Fort Duquense when he fell from his horse, which led to his untimely death in May 1754.


He was succeeded by the then Lieutenant Colonel George Washington, who would, as well of a spot of soldiering, later go on to have an interesting career in politics!

Virginia Militiaman 1755 -62, Gerry Embleton
The Virginia Regiment may well have not been as well uniformed as the figures presented and certainly in the early years of the regiment only the officers would have been so, with many of the men operating in civilian dress mixed occasionally with items of regimental items.


That said there are many references to the red waistcoats and blue-red faced jackets having been established by 1755. Although it seems that Washington and many of his officers may have dispensed with their 'regimentals' when joining General Edward Braddock on his ill-fated expedition that year, preferring to wear linen hunting shirts as illustrated by the man in Gerry Embleton's classic illustration.

Braddock Expedition

The Virginia Regiment bears the distinction as being the first all-colonial professional military force, distinctive from other local militias raised at the time for practising regular drill and wearing a standard uniform.


This regiment heralded the early attempts to professionalise the colonial militia in support of the regulars and laid the foundation of Virginia line regiments that were formed in 1775 at the start of the American War of Independence.


Actions participated in include Jumonville Glen, Fort Necessity, Braddock's Column and the Forbes Expedition.

Map to illustrate the key area of operations for the Viriginia Regiment along the border territory with Ohio Country
Battle of Jumonville Glen
Battle of Fort Necessity
John Forbes (British Army officer)


The figures presented are a twenty six figure project I have painted as part of Steve M's growing collection of 28mm French Indian War figures and are from the Galloping Major range of figures which with the 'heroic' 28mm size are an absolute joy to paint and made a nice break in between finishing my AB 18mm French before starting the Spanish.


I think given the descriptions of the look of the regiment when on campaign I would be inclined to mix in few hunting shirt types to represent the officers and newer recruits.


Steve and I play-tested Sharp Practice II a few weeks ago and I know he is looking at creating some sabot bases so we can more easily organise trained units such as these into formation groups as per the rules.

Sharp Practice II - First Date with a New Lady

I am looking forward to seeing these chaps out on the table.

https://en-gb.facebook.com/GallopingMajorWargames/
http://www.gallopingmajorwargames.com

Virginia Regiment

Next up a review of the Spanish 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of Estremadura at Talavera

Wednesday, 17 August 2016

Regimental Museums in Winchester - with Steve M

Rifleman Harris
Editor's Note - I am really keen that JJ's Wargames should have lots of interesting historical and military related posts that inform our hobby. This past year I have had several posts from my old pal "Mr Steve" who has covered some excellent book reviews and trips to various events and places that have added greatly to the variety and content on the blog. 

It thus gives me great pleasure to introduce the first post from another good friend, "Steve M" who has contributed regularly to the blog behind the scenes so to speak with his participation in many of the games featured here and he brings his interest and insights in different aspects and periods within the hobby that will add yet more interesting content to JJ's.

What follows is Steve's report on several Regimental Museums visited interspersed with pictures from the trip. 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Winchester Regimental Museums – Part 1

Having being advised by JJ that I missed the opportunity to become a ‘roving reporter’ when not taking any pictures on a visit to ‘The Rifles (Berkshire & Wiltshire) Museum’ in Salisbury earlier in the year; I hoped to redeem myself on a recent trip to Winchester in Hampshire, where I visited five military museums in a day!

The Wardrobe - Home of the Infantry Regiments of Berkshire & Wiltshire

I only took pictures in three, for various reasons. One didn’t allow it, which was strange considering all the others did, and the other was quite small, of less interest to me, and I was running out of space on my memory card!!

Private 60th Royal American Regiment c1758
I have a keen interest in military history, as most wargamers probably do, but I've always had a particular interest in the individual Regiments of the British army; their history, traditions, battle honours (a whole history in itself! – see ‘Battle Honours of the British and Commonwealth Armies’-
Anthony Baker, 1986), nicknames and amalgamations.

If you’re interested in that kind of thing, I would recommended ‘A companion to the British Army 1660-1983’, David Ascoli, 1983. Clearly a bit out of date now, but good to have as a reference if you
want to know the process of amalgamation for your local, or favourite Regiment and their ‘precedence’ when on parade. Now is not the time to do a full review, but as the author points out,
‘this is neither a history of the British Army, nor a chronicle of battles and campaigns’ (p11). As an
aside, if anyone knows of a good book which guides you through the amalgamations from 1983 onwards, I’d be interested.

General Wolfe's original sash from Quebec
Back to my visit, how did I end up in Winchester? I’d found a really useful website when searching
for local Regimental Museums,

http://www.armymuseums.org.uk/

and as mentioned had tied in a visit to the museum to Salisbury following a trip to the Chalke Valley history festival. The website enables you to search by geographic area, so pulling up the South West; I found that there were five military museums in Winchester. So following a planned weekend in Essex with my sister, I set off to Winchester for a stopover on the way back to Devon, and I wasn’t disappointed!

Jacket of Lt. Colonel Hunt 52nd Light Infantry - Peninsular War
There are five museums located in Peninsula Barracks, Romsey Rd. ‘Horsepower’ The Museum of the Kings Royal Hussars; The Royal Hampshire Regiment Museum; The Royal Green Jackets (Rifles) Museum; The Gurkha Museum and The Museum of the Adjutant General’s Corps. Of the five, four are in a stone’s throw of each other (that’s ‘very close’ to any overseas readers!), the Hussar’s and the Gurkhas being accessed through the same main door! The Hampshire’s is a short walk. There were steps on the route I took, but I think there’s an alternative.

Light Infantry Officers Pattern Sword.
Lt. Dawson 52nd Light Infantry, died
of his wounds at Waterloo
Cost wise, the Adjutant General’s is free, being housed in the on-site cafe. This is not unrealistic,
considering the size of the museum (‘museum’ being rather a grand description!). The Hampshire’s
is also free, but there is a drum for donations, and I duly obliged. The Green Jackets and Gurkhas are
£4 each, but if you ‘gift aid’ in the Green Jackets you get 12 months free return visits. The entry into
the Hussars cost £2.

On the day, I arrived around 10.30. Parking is limited, but free, I got a visitors pass from the Green
Jackets museum. The barracks is close to the town centre, so if you have to park further away it’s not
too far. I went round in the following order; Green Jackets, a good hour if not hour and a half; coffee
and cake in the cafe followed by the Adjutant General’s Corps, 15-20 minutes. A 5 minute walk to the Hampshire’s, about 30-40 minutes in there, back to the Hussars, about 30 minutes in there, across to the Gurkha’s, around 40 minutes in there. I finished around 3.30, but timings are very approximate,
as I wasn’t keeping a close eye. It would certainly be easier to spend longer in most of them.

Officers jacket, 5th Battalion, 60th Regiment (Rifles)
What follows is a quick summary of each of my visits, with photos, which are clearly not up to
standard of JJ! I was using a Sony ‘Cyber-shot’, which only has six mega pixels! However, what it does have is the ability to adjust settings to a far greater degree than my phone camera. On the camera most looked ok after some experimentation, but some were disappointing when transferred to the laptop!

The Royal Green Jackets (Rifles) Museum

http://www.rgjmuseum.co.uk/

‘Tracing the history of the 43rd & 52nd, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry; the 60th Rifles, The Kings Royal rifle Corps and the 95th Rifles, The Rifle Brigade, who, in 1966 merged to form The Royal Green Jackets, which in 2007 became part of today’s Regiment, ‘The Rifles’ (from the museum leaflet).

Original jacket of Lt. Walter Clarke, 2nd Battalion, 95th Rifles c1814
There’s a great ‘Regimental family tree’ at the entrance, which is vaguely apparent in one of the
pictures, unfortunately my ‘close up’ was unusable!

But I did find one here

http://www.greenjackets-net.org.uk/assoc_new/regtl_history/rgj_tree.htm


Outside the front of the museum is a statue of Field Marshal John Colborne, 1st Baron Seaton.
Commander of the 52nd Light Infantry at Waterloo, credited with a deceive contribution to the
defeat of the Old Guard (or winning the battle, depending on your view!)

This was the best visit for me, tracing the history of the Regiments from the French & Indian Wars,
when the 60th was raised, through Waterloo, the Indian Mutiny, the Boer War, WW1, WW2 up to
the present day, where there is a small part of the museum dedicated to ‘The Rifles’. Currently (until
11th September) there is also a special exhibition comparing Waterloo with the first day of the Somme; weapons, rations, medical facilities etc.

The 'Nock' gun made famous in the Sharpe TV series
There’s an opportunity to handle replicas of the Baker rifle and the Brown Bess musket, the Baker in
particular is a bit of a weight!

The model dedicated to ‘Rifleman Harris’ is quite impressive (see the header to this post - Ed)


Clip from the Sharpe TV series with left Captain "Sweet" William Fredrickson, 60th Rifles played by Philip Whitchurch,
Richard Sharpe played of course by Sean Bean and Sergeant Patrick Harper seen here with his 'Nock' played by
Daragh O'Malley
Of particular note is the Waterloo diorama of over 21,000 model figures, with commentary, sound
and light effects. There is a picture on the museum website (mine failed!)

There are some other very nice dioramas, including the storming of the Kashmir gate, Dehli, 1857
during the Indian mutiny, and the taking of Pegasus Bridge during the D Day landings. Unfortunately
neither of my pictures came out very well!

Snipe 1 - 1942
What is very good at both the ‘Snipe’ and Pegasus Bridge display’s, are extracts of recorded interviews with the participants, including Major John Howard who led the attack on the bridge. One of my favourites was an extract from a Lt Smith at the bridge, who describes how a German threw a stick grenade at him. "When it went off ‘I had holes in my uniform, but not my body, so I shot him!"

I hope the pictures give you a flavour of the visit, but I don’t feel they do justice to what, in my
opinion, is a very good Regimental Museum.

This is a really useful link for tracing back the formation and history of the Royal Green Jackets and its founding Regiments.

http://www.egframes.co.uk/cdRGJ1.htm

An excellent reference for the complete story of the Rifles is ‘The Rifles chronology 1865-2013’
compiled by Col Ted Shields MBE

http://riflesmuseum.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Rifles_Chronology_1685-2012_Edn2.pdf

It was then time for ‘coffee & cake’, with only a short walk to the ‘Cafe Peninsula’ and the
‘Guardroom Museum’, which houses the Museum of the Adjutant General’s Corps (AGC).

‘From the Army’s Pay Department to the Women’s Royal Army Corps and the current Corps’ role
supporting the British Army of today, the Guardroom Museum provides a fascinating insight into the
Army’s administrative services’ (taken from ‘Winchester’s Military Museums’ leaflet).

A nice little museum (so small it doesn’t have its own website, the Corps was only formed in 1992),
without being of major interest to me in particular. I saved the space of my memory card in here, so
no pictures, but I did find an interesting little snippet about the Women’s Royal Army Corps Band,
formed in 1949. For forty-five years, until 1994, they were the first and only all female band in the British Army. Well I found it interesting!

More information on the AGC can be found here;

http://www.army.mod.uk/agc/23202.aspx

Next up, unless this is my first & last entry as a roving reporter??! The Royal Hampshire’s, the Royal
Hussars and the Gurkhas.

Steve M

Saturday, 13 August 2016

Russellius Tiberius Corvus, Gnasharius and the Romans are Coming!


Tom took time out from his far east travels to pop home in July for a few weeks before returning to his journey back to the Antipodes.

It was important to make sure that he made the most of the time back here in 'Blighty' and so he got stuck into another unit of Auxiliary Infantry and a well known Roman commander from down under.



The addition of this cohort brings the Roman force up to four of each of Legionaries and Auxiliaries and form the core of the next collection to feature here on JJ's, namely the Dacian Wars, set to really get going once the Talavera project is completed.


This initial stage of putting the collection together is all about getting the right figures, rules and basing sorted out.

I am pretty sure that 'Augustus to Aurelian' will be the preferred rule set and the Warlord figures range are the main parts of the collection, although Warlord's erratic figure scaling will need to be sorted out and the new range of Victrix EIR's look likely to be part of the sortinh out of the project going forward.

This particular cohort allowed the introduction of the new basing which uses the 20mm frontage from Hail Caesar but moves to a six figure base with a 45mm depth for a more pleasing look on the eye. This will also keep the bases down per unit so that when we do the Dacian warbands we will only be moving six bases of six figures rather than ten bases of four.

The use of the 20mm frontage should allow my collection to face off against other Hail Caesar collections used by the guys in the Devon Wargames Group, just in case we decide to set up a mega ancients clash.

Legatus Russellius Tiberius Corvus and his war-hound Gnasharius
Tom also produced this Roman general, 'Unleash Hell' from Warlord and his battle hound.

I added a bit of five o'clock shadow for that campaign look and finished off the dog and bases for all the figures.



This particular figure demonstrates all the problems I associate with Warlord in that this speciality figure is so much smaller than the the others in their ancient range and the head is not quite in proportion to the body.

This is frustrating as I really like their auxiliaries and their barbarian troops which are noticeably larger and better proportioned. You would think that in these days of CAD designed plastics these irregularities would be a thing of the past.

"On my command Gnasharius - fetch!!"
I have thus turned to Wargames Foundary for other suitable command figures and can only suggest that if you are thinking of using this figure in your own collection, check the compatibility with the figures you are using as this chap is too small against the Warlord ranges other than their Legionaries which are also on the small size.

Next up, Regimental Museums in Winchester from our new mystery correspondent and some 28mm FIW American Militia, just to add some variety before plunging into some Spanish Cavalry.

Thursday, 11 August 2016

Didn’t we have a lovely day the day I went to Timecast (and also visited the Shrewsbury Battlefield) - A day-out with Mr Steve


A year had raced by and all of a sudden it was time again for my annual days holiday, the one day in the year when I can get away from all the stress and drudgery that plagues the high powered executive nowadays , just switch off and let someone else make the big decisions for once , time to kick off your shoes and …. … hang on , something doesn’t sound right here.

It was a lovely sunny day for once and so I wound up the elastic band on the car, dug out the petrol recycling hose for later use , pointed the car north and set off on an adventure.

Planning ahead for once, I had earlier that week contacted Timecast, who are the UK stockists for Old Glory 15mm, and asked if it would be alright if I popped into their facility in Shrewsbury for a look around and as they had just received a new batch of stock from the States to also stock up on some more figures. I have just recently started on a new project, Ottomans v Russians in the 7YW era and as the website doesn’t have any pictures for these armies I really needed to have a look at all the Ottomans first before I laid out serious money.

http://www.timecastmodels.co.uk/

The trip up, whilst lengthy, was very pleasant, I had decided to avoid the motorway and instead went up on the A49; and once I had struggled though Hereford it was very easy from then on as all the other main towns have now been by-passed. I could easily have spent double the time I did as there was something of interest catching my eye regularly, things that you just don’t see by using the motorway . Stokesay castle for example is visible from the road and looks well worth a visit on another occasion (Hmm, I do still have to buy all of the Russians at some time).

http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/places/stokesay-castle/

Well time was getting a little tight as I was fast approaching my 11.30 appointment and after a quick stop at a public convenience (or supermarket as others call it), I turned into their trading estate and easily found Timecast.


Barrie picking my order
As you see I did take a picture (the header picture at top re-positioned by the Ed.) but only got one side in the frame, if you want to see the left hand side then it’s on their website and you can put the two together.

It had been a very worth while trip as I was able to see all the things I needed to with only a couple of my fall back alternatives not being in stock but unfortunately there wasn’t a lot of slack in my days schedule and it was soon time to go. I had planned to fit in a quick look at the nearby Shrewsbury battlefield before trying to squeeze in a late pub lunch, I had to move on. So ten bags richer but quite a bit poorer, I took my new armies and some extra Coat D’Arms paint I had also bought, onto the next part of my day out.   

Fortunately the Shrewsbury battlefield is only 1.5 miles away from Timecast so it wasn’t many minutes before I was pulling into the signposted battlefield car park. The usual badly faded and hard to read display board was there as expected, it was obviously from the long distant past as the information I managed to decipher was completely useless, one thing you can say that has improved at National sites is the signage, I just wish they would go around to all the old ones that don’t have super star status and update the displays.

Well my sign told me there were two walks I could follow and that just around the corner there was an observation pimple; unfortunately apart from the general heading there was absolutely nothing about the battle or the troop set ups. Fortunately I had brought with me the excellent map from the Battlefields Trust (see link below) which superimposed the armies onto a current OS map. Their website is definitely something you should look at regularly to check on what is happening to our battlefields , not only to help ward off any new threats to them but to also see what events are being held, such as talks or walks etc.


Unfortunately I cannot copy it in so instead I have picked something a little different from 1892.

(Nice use of the term Insurgents)


A Field
This first picture (above) taken from the OP Pimple shows what were pea fields on the day and where the Royalist Left would have been, in the distance can be seen St Mary Magdalene’s church sitting on the crest of a low rise.

Another Field
In this second picture taken from ground level, the Royalist right would start at the end of the tree line and spread out to the right.

I am not going to give an in depth run through on the battle, I will instead do a very short precise and leave you several links to read if you wish.

On one side were Henry IV and his young son, the future Henry V, against them were the rebellious Percy family (Earl’s of Northumberland), very rich, very powerful and lead by the famous warrior Harry “Hotspur” Percy, so famous that they later named a children’s comic after him. The Percy’s main ally was the de facto ruler of Wales, Owain Glendower , so famous that they named a pub in Cardiff after him.

Everyone marched towards each other, Glendower and his forces were on route but didn’t get there in time and so all the Harry’s met up just outside Shrewsbury, the Royalist army outnumbered the Rebels who decided to sit on the small rise and defend; the Royalists attack uphill, Henry V get’s an arrow in the face, Hotspur loses and was killed.

http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/shrewsbury.htm

http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=39

http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/medieval/shrewsbury/

This battle has also been recently covered in Medieval Warfare magazine - VI.2

Fortunately Barrie at Timecast had suggested that I drive on further up the main road and take the next turning down a farm lane as this would lead to the Battle of Shrewsbury Exhibition (Battlefield 1403). This is signposted and leads to a farm situated quite near to the church roughly in the vicinity of the Insurgents position on top of the rising ground. I don’t know the full story on how this came about but at this farm there is an exhibition hall covering the battle, entrance to it and parking are free and I guess the owners hope that you pop into their very nice farm shop like I did or stop for a coffee.
I can recommend the Shropshire Blue Cheese and the sausages.

Anyway here are some pictures



It’s not large by any means but it is well done and worth seeing, you aren’t going to spend long here but it’s far more interesting than just looking at some fields and people emptying their dogs. Off to the right of this picture towards the back was an interesting arrow display. (Plus an explanation on the best way to take an arrow out of your future Kings face)


http://www.battlefield1403.com/

Well that’s about it , Lunch was getting dangerously close to being missed so I started off back home with one more small detour on the way , the only fighting done at this location however was me having to restrict myself to one pint of light beer.

The Royal Oak : Cardington
http://www.at-the-oak.com/

This has been a ‘Day out with Mr Steve’ Presentation

Monday, 8 August 2016

Marshal Victor's I Corps d'Armee - Talavera


Perhaps one of the most powerful French Corps d'Armee in 1809 was Marshal Victors I Corps that formed line of battle in front of Sir Arthur Wellesley's position at Talavera that July. 

It's ranks were filled with veterans of Austerlitz, Jena and Friedland and had known only victory since entering Spain only nine months previously.

To quote the Duke himself when asked about his thoughts about the French;
"They were excellent troops; I never on any occasion knew them to behave otherwise than well. Their officers too were as good as possible."

The following pictures show the Corps at full strength, which it certainly was not on the 28th July, at a figure scale of approximately 1:30. The completion of this particular formation required the building of twenty-four battalions of line infantry which was started in May 2015 and completed in July 2016.

I would like to thank all those who played their part in the completion of this project with the multiple comments of support and encouragement I received on the completion of each battalion and I put these pictures together as a tribute to those people whose comments appear in the links to the battalions found at the bottom of this post, it was great to have your support on the journey.

I hope those battalion posts will be useful as a reference should anyone be mad enough to want to have a go at all or some of these units in the future, and will add to the painting tutorial I put together whilst working on them which can be found in the "Tutorials" section at the top of the page. 

The next time you will see the Corps together will be for the full afternoon attack at Talavera set to be fought using Carnage & Glory II summer 2017. For the Napoleonic wargamer their can be no finer feeling than the thought of wielding a formation of this size on the table-top, with the calibre of troops they represent; wargaming in "The Grand Manner".

In the meantime it will be onwards and upwards with the Spanish Infantry Division of General Bassecourt and the Cavalry Division under General Albuquerque and I haven't quite decided which I will start first.

I Corps d'Armee - Marshal Victor commanding, with Generals Ruffin and 1st Division (left), Lapisse and 2nd Division (right), Villatte and 3rd Division (centre rear) and Beaumont's Light Cavalry Brigade (right rear). Thirty-three battalions of infantry, two regiments of cavalry, six batteries of artillery.

Victor
1st Corps: Maréchal Victor 

I Corps Artillerie Reserve - 12 lbr and 6 lbr companies 
(Each infantry division and the cavalry brigade had its own company of artillery).
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Ruffin
1st Division: Général de division Ruffin (5,286)
8 guns

Meunier
Brigade: (Meunier)
9th Légère Regiment (3)
24th Line Regiment (3)

Barrois
Brigade: Général de brigade Barrois
96th Line Regiment (3)


1st Division - General Ruffin commanding with General Meunier (left) and Barrois (right) and their respective brigades
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2nd Division: Général de division Lapisse (6,862)

8 guns





Brigade: Général de brigade Laplannes
16th Légère Regiment (3)
45th Line Regiment (3)


Brigade: Général de brigade Solignac
8th Line Regiment (3)
54th Line Regiment (3)


2nd Division - General Lapisse commanding with General Laplannes (left) and Solignac (right) and their respective brigades
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Villatte

3rd Division: Général de division Villatte (6,135)

8 guns


Cassagne

Brigade: Général de brigade Cassagne
27th Légère Regiment (3)
63rd Line Regiment (3)

Puthod
Brigade: Général de brigade Puthod
94th Line Regiment (3)
95th Line Regiment (3)

3rd Division - General Villatte commanding with General Puthod (left) and Cassagne (right) and their respective brigades
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Beaumont

Cavalry Brigade: Général de brigade Beaumont (980)

2nd Hussar Regiment
5th Chasseur à Cheval Regiment
Artillerie - 6 x 6 lbr Horse Guns

Cavalry Brigade - General Beaumont commanding
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The Regiments de Ligne