Friday, 21 September 2018

Rise & Fight Again - New Rules for fighting the American War of Independence

About a week ago both Steve and I received our copies of the new American War of Independence rules from Stand to Games, that follow in the wake of their initial offering 'Over the Hills' for wargaming the Napoleonic era.

If you are not familiar with the basic game engine of Fatigue Scores which I discuss in this post it might be worth following the link to our review of Over the Hills below.

The Rise & Fight Again rule book is a glossy covered ring bound production

Both sets are aimed at two very different horse and musket eras but incorporate the core rule system of unit fatigue as a common theme.

The rules are neatly laid out with a comprehensive index and liberally sprinkled with colour pictures and diagrams

I stress that point because both Steve and I came at 'Rise and Fight Again' (RAFA) as reasonably experienced players of Over the Hills (OTH) and a simple reading of the new rules certainly gave a flavour for the changes between the two sets but as always it takes playing to really understand that difference.

Our test game set up with the Americans in two lines of Continentals backing up Militia on the forward ridge

As when we started out with OTH, we set up a simple table arrangement, not really seeking to play our normal game but more to test the rules to destruction if necessary and see if they could hit the sweet spot of feeling like a typical AWI encounter.

The American militia strung out on the tree-lined ridge - would they hold?

So as you will see we set up a sort of Guilford Courthouse affair with a line of American militia tasked with holding a tree lined ridge and delivering a good 'biffing' to the approaching redcoats whilst a second line awaited behind of Continentals waiting to finish the job.

Plenty of Continentals behind, but they wouldn't see any fighting before the night was out

The British force consisted of a typical early war line brigade and an elite brigade with Guards, Grenadiers and Light Infantry.

Each side had a unit of light cavalry and some light artillery in support to hopefully try out the effect of as many unit types as possible.

The Redcoats prepare to advance

Before even moving a unit or rolling any dice a quick preparation read through highlighted some first major rethinks from our Napoleonic heads.

Firstly, the new command and control rules force some decision points right from the get go because the command radius of most brigade commanders will usually only allow two, possibly three, if you include artillery, units to line up and be in command.

This poses a question if your brigadier has four battalions answering to him, namely whether to have them all up in line with two of them on the extreme flanks out of command or to fight with two up and two back effectively halving the frontage and fire effect they could deliver but stay in command.

The British close in as the Grenadiers charge the flank militia who pass their reaction and fight without bayonets

The command challenge forces a decision in that, out of command units failing a command test at the start of the move might fall back a move segment due to their confusion as to their role.

I decided to take the risk that my militia colonels knew their job was to stand and shoot at the damned 'lobsters' and only had my two centre battalions firmly under command.

The next question was organising our skirmish screens which the new rules differ from OTH in that each brigade can muster a skirmish 'unit' that represents picked men detailed for the job.

These units have a three base wide frontage and fight like any other unit except that they have a Fatigue Score (FS) of 4 or 5 for combat and shooting, depending on their quality and ability, for example my rifle skirmishers were on the higher end of that spectrum. However for taking morale and other reaction type tests they would use the FS of the nearest supporting unit from their brigade.

This rather emulates the light skirmish battalions we created in our Napoleonic games and I really like the skirmish battle and choices in when to call these chaps in, or not, as they also act as a very effective screen to protect your follow up formed battalions.

The other militia flank battalion (extreme right) is hard pressed by the 44th Foot, but in a combination with movement and terrain fatigue sees the British battalion accumulates five fatigue hits during the combat

We managed to play through about eight turns, which was slower than normal because we needed to read through the rules and check our understanding as we went along and so our battle concentrated on the British attack to clear the militia from the tree line.

My decision to put all my troops in the 'shop window' paid off in that both my out of command flank battalions did their job and stood long enough to deliver several useful volleys, with one passing a reaction test to enter combat with the British Grenadiers needing a one or two on a d10 and passing with a one.

That speech I gave them about 'the rights of man, all equal in the eyes of the law', finished with a rising shout of 'no taxation without representation' must have done the trick!

The British carried the ridge after I had removed one of my battalions of militia using the 'Bush Fighters' rule to disperse them but still had the opportunity to have them back in my rear lines later in the game.

Despite their courage in standing toe to toe with the redcoats, coping with another American special rule of 'No Bayonets' and simply being militia which meant that the British were very often hitting them with an FS of 10 to 14 often taking out three or four of my chaps, whilst they were coming back with a simple 4 hoping to knock one of them down.

The loss of the second battalion in combat broke the morale of the brigade leaving the British on their jump off point for their attack to commence on the Continental line beyond.

You can see this was a test game as we used the Napoleonic brigade cards, however this is the British line brigade five moves in having stated on FS 24 and would lose that next dice in the following rounds halving their staying power

However the British line brigade had taken a bit of a 'biffing' in its efforts to clear the Americans, through a combination of mainly skirmish rifle fire, militia close in first firing volleys and the odd casualty from the melees, not to mention fatigue from taking double moves to close and extra fatigue for entering the wood my chaps were sheltering in.

Likewise the British elites had taken noticeable casualties if much less so than their line comrades, leaving them dented for any plans on tackling anymore better quality Americans.

Apologies for a French brigade card but showing the American militia brigade only having lost two points in FS at turn five

With the 'wee hours' drawing in we decided to stop and review the play so that I might offer some thoughts to you.

First off, we really liked the game RAFA has to offer and the changes between it and OTH that we got to play make this feel a completely different set of rules other than the familiar comfort blanket of having Fatigue Scores to work with when assessing combat and morale.

Based on our simple test both Steve and I decided that if playing the British in a similar situation, it is folly to simply allow all your troops to take a battering from second line militia, when one brigade would have sufficed leaving the other fresh and ready to take it to the next American line allowing the other brigade to act in a supporting role safe in the knowledge that the American force is one brigade down against its total force morale.

The skirmish game adds another level of play which allows both to look to soften each other up before the formed units get to grips, but also forces a decision point as to when to call them in and avoid them causing fatigue hits by being passed through or having them to make an emergency evade through their supports when the enemy are close in or, as described in the rules, 'Tremulation of Arms'.

The British in RAFA can't simply rely on musketry and it is probably wise not to try and fight with them as in OTH as RAFA are designed to encourage British tactics of avoiding costly exchanges of fire by closing quickly with the bayonet and deciding the issue, which they are very ably set up to do.

However beware of Americans occupying broken terrain and defences as they benefit hugely from its cover and winkling them out costs the British in fatigue hits getting in their to deliver a bayonet attack, which again promotes a British commander to at least consider a more traditional 'General Howe' approach of pinning and manoeuvre to get American troops out of favourable terrain into stuff where they can be dealt with in a more cost effective manner.

The command and control ranges really make this game feel quite distinct from Napoleonics and offers command challenges that I really enjoyed because, as we found, out of command troops can surprise you and occasionally even in control ones if, as Steve did, you throw the occasional, or not so occasional one. However that's friction and the best commanders expect it and do things to try and mitigate its happening.

The other thought that struck me after just this first play through is that keeping troops close by but not necessarily in harms way is important if quality is to overcome quantity. An intact reserve ready to keep pouring on the pressure after the initial hits have been delivered is a battle winning tactic with these rules as there are no massive cavalry corps ready to sweep in and turn the tide of battle.

This is very much an infantryman's war and attritive on the armies involved, so, if possible, keeping part of your force fresh would be a useful tactic to consider.

Finally we talked about some minor modifications/additions we are planning, to better suit our thinking for our games:
  • The rules work on the premise of an average size battalion during the war looking like 360 infantrymen with a confident battalion of this size rating an FS of 7. A lot of British battalions throughout the war were notoriously below strength and struggled to maintain 250 men with a few exceptions such as the odd Highland regiment, thus we would set a typical 'vanilla' British line battalion at around that mark with a typical FS of around 6. Likewise we would downgrade US Continental infantry, before the von Steuban reforms at Valley Forge to that level as well. Ady and Quinton, the rules authors, have discussed this in the body of the text and we will look to model that in future orders of battle.
  • We will be working on some rule specific player aids to include some new Army/Brigade morale cards and our own QRS.
  • We also need to think about a 'first volley fired' way of recording, and I am inclined to use some sort of a marker.

Following this first test game we are now ready to take this game to club which will feature in next months line up of games at the Devon Wargames Group.

On a last note I am going to resort to shameless advertising by highlighting a Peninsular War scenario book I have written with the chaps at Stand To Games for Over the Hills and is currently running on Kickstarter.

If you have enjoyed reading about the scenarios Steve and I played reported in earlier posts this year then you might like to support the venture and sign up for a copy.

Kickstarter Launch - Oer the Hills

More information can be found here on JJ's  on the link above and on the Kickstarter site by following the link below.

Kickstarter - Oer the Hills Early Peninsula War Scenarios 1808-1809


  1. Hi JJ, I'm really keen to find a copy of this AWI ruleset, but I missed out on the kickstarter. I've emailed the Stand To guys asking where can I purchase it from, but there has been no reply (I assume they are busy with distribution) and their website is empty (the pitfalls of a successful and popular kickstarter). Do you know if there are any places the book is available to non-kickstarter mere mortals? Thanks

    1. Hi McBeth, I am Ady from Stand to Games, when did you email us can you recall the date as I have checked our email site and cannot find anything.

    2. Hi Ady, thanks for the response :) I think it was about the 21st or so - probably not long after this post was put up on the blog. I'm in NZ so you can +/- a day. The email was sent through the form on the contact page. The site looks incomplete at the moment so I assumed that the contact form was not functioning?