Next unit in General Portago's Division at Talavera was the Provincial de Badajoz, one of two militia regiments in the division.
Spanish Army of Estremadura
3rd Division: Major-General Marquis de Portago
1st Battalion Badajoz Infantry Regiment - Volunteer Line Infantry
2nd Battalion Badajoz Infantry Regiment - Volunteer Line Infantry
2nd Antequera Infantry Regiment - Volunteer Light Infantry
Imperial de Toledo - Volunteer Line Infantry in Shako
Provincial de Badajoz - Militia Infantry
Provincial de Guadix - Militia Infantry
Rey Cavalry Regiment - Regular Line
The militia regiments in the Spanish army were, in the main, one battalion regiments and would under the 1806 uniform regulations have been dressed similarly to the regular infantry in a white uniform with red facings on collars, cuffs, lapels and turn-backs. However I was really interested to see Asku's post on his blog GeMiGaBoK, see link below, which suggests that, as in the illustration header, many units went to war in brown jackets.
Spanish Army of Estremadura - September l808
Commanding Officer: Teniente General D. Jose Galluzo
lst Division: Mariscal de Campo Conde de Belveder
2nd Mallorca Infantry Regiment (2)
2nd Catalun~a Infantry Regiment (l)
Tiradores (l co)
Total Infantry (4,l60)
Volontarios de Espan~a (Cavalry) (360)
lst Foot Artillery Division (92)
lst Horse Artillery Division (62)
l/2 Sapper Battalion (254)
2nd Division: Mariscal de Campo Juan Henestrosa
Badajoz Infantry Regiment (l)
Voluntarios de Valencia y Albuquerque (l)
Voluntarios de Zafra (l)
Total Infantry (3,300)
lst Hussar Regiment (298)
lst Foot Artillery Division (92)
lst Horse Artillery Division (94)
l/2 Sapper Batatlion (254)
3rd Division: Mariscal de Campo Francisco de Frias
Trujillo Infantry Regiment (l)
Provincial de Badajoz
Voluntarios de Merida
Voluntarios de Serena
Total Infantry (3,580)
2nd Hussar Regiment (300)
In September 1808 the Army of Estremadura was part of the Spanish national mobilisation following the Madrid uprising in May and the defeat of Dupont's French army at Bailen in July. The French occupation army had fallen back to behind the Ebro and the Central Junta was directing the forming of the various Spanish armies. These various armies were organised and gradually followed the French to the Ebro with the Army of the Centre under Castanos and Galluzo, Blake's Army of the left composed of troops from Galicia and Asturias and the Army of the Right under Palafox and Vives.
With the inability of the Central Junta to appoint Castanos as overall Spanish supreme commander and thus coordinate a Spanish offensive on a weak French army, the initiative swung back to the French and with the arrival of Napoleon in November and significant reinforcements the Grande Armee numbered over 350,000 men. The French offensive was a masterpiece in swift manoeuvre and the line of the Ebro was soon pierced.
The Army of Estremadura now under the command of a headstrong young aristocrat, the Conde de Belevedere, following the recall of Galluzo to answer charges by the Supreme Junta, was caught and badly defeated at the Battle of Gamonal (Burgos) (see the post on the Badajoz Volunteer Infantry Regiment). The Provincial de Badajoz as part of the 3rd division failed to move up in time to join the rest of the army and so were spared the worst of its results.
The Army of Estremadura, was back in its home province by the spring of 1809, facing off against the French forces south of Madrid under Marshal Victor. Like their comrades in the Badajoz Volunteers, we see the regiment included in the order of battle for Medellin in March 1809 under General Cuesta, where they were involved in the defeat by Victor.
On the 4th of April 1809 they are shown with a strength of 500 men and with the Army of Estremadura, forced to retire on their home city, Badajoz, to "lick their wounds" and prepare for the upcoming campaign with a new British army, into the Tagus Valley and the retaking of Madrid.
My Provincal de Badajoz Regiment is composed of figures from AB with my Colours from GMB Flags. As a single battalion regiment I have given the Badajoz Militia two Colours, the Coronella and Ordenanza, alongside Colonel Montoya.
References and sites consulted for this post includes:
Spanish Militia Uniforms 1808
The Peninsular War Atlas - Colonel Nick Lipscombe
History of the Peninsular War, Sir Charles Oman