Thursday 27 October 2022

JJ's Wargames on Tour - Rams & Easy 8's in Vancouver, Beautiful British Columbia

The Canadian RAM II stands guard outside the Old Drill Hall in Vancouver, a memorial to the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps.

As regular followers of the blog will know, I work hard at keeping the content on JJ's as varied as I can, representing as it does my own tastes in the things I find interesting that inspires me in the hobby and that helps illustrate that as an historical wargamer we can combine other activities and interests with this one anytime anywhere.

Over the next few posts I will hope to bring lots of new themes and adventures with pictures from a little trip that Carolyn and I had been planning for quite some time now, and put on hold as many other folks plans have been by the Covid pandemic.

Completed in 1930, the Marine Building in Vancouver, is one of the city's most iconic buildings and a superb example of the Art Deco style of architecture. 

Recently, we set off on our little jaunt that saw us flying to Vancouver in British Columbia, Canada, ostensibly to visit family relations I have in the area, as we stopped off for a few days enroute to another interesting part of the world, but very much keen to get to know better this beautiful part of Canada, into the fall and with the maple leaves turning bright red.

The original name of the small settlement that became Vancouver, was Gastown, with a makeshift tavern next to Hastings Sawmill, built in 1867 and owned by proprietor John Deighton better known as 'Gassy Jack'. The original site is marked in the city by the remarkable Gastown steam clock.

We spent a full day and a half in this amazing city, with a population of around 2.6 million people, the third largest metropolitan area in Canada and with one of the most ethnically diverse populations in the country, where 46% of residents are not native English speakers, well represented in the fantastic variety of places to eat.

Dr.Sun Yat-Sen's Classical Chinese Garden captures well the diverse cultures and architecture that characterise modern day Vancouver city

This was our second visit to British Columbia, having spent time on Vancouver Island on our last visit back in 2003, but not really having the opportunity then to explore Vancouver itself, which we were keen to rectify on this visit combining our time exploring the city in the company of my cousin and his wife who came over from the island to meet us.

The city is named after Captain George Vancouver, a British naval officer who explored and charted North America's north-western Pacific coast in his expedition from 1791 to 1795, exploring the inner harbour of Burrard Inlet in 1792 aboard HMS Discovery, a converted Bomb ship, the modern day main harbour area of Vancouver city.

Modern day Vancouver harbour plays host to massive Dutch cruise liners and container ships

Of course before the arrival of Captain Vancouver, the area had been settled more than ten thousand years previously by indigenous peoples that included the Squamish, Musqueam and Tsleil-Waututh people.
Territory of the Musqueam Indian Band

The First Nations or Indigenous Canadian people of this part of North America are famous for their amazing totem poles often carved from western red cedar trees, and their inclusion in the story of Vancouver is represented across the city in information boards recording the part they played in its creation together with a remarkable collection of totem poles to be seen in Stanley Park, that juts out into the waters of Burrard Inlet.

Of course as much as I enjoy exploring the cultural history of places I visit, my eye is always caught by any link to a historic military past and my eye was immediately drawn to what I immediately recognised to be a RAM tank as we explored our way towards Gastown, passing the Old Drill Hall and armoury for the British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own), since its opening in 1901.

With the losses sustained by British tank forces in the fall of France in 1940 it was immediately recognised that British tank production was insufficient to reequip British and other Commonwealth forces such as the Canadian army, eager to build it's own tank force as part of its contribution to the Allied war effort.

The Dukes - One thousand soldiers of the 6th Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles), Canadian Active Service Force marching down 8th Street, New Westminster, British Columbia, 1st October 1940, to an unknown destination overseas.

Thus Canada was forced to look to its own local production capabilities, turning to the Canadian Pacific Railway's Angus Shops in Montreal to use its spare capacity to produce an order for 488 tanks for the new Canadian Armoured Division having previously built 300 partially constructed Valentine tanks for the British.

Canadian tankers training with the RAM II 

However the Valentine was a slow Infantry Tank and the Canadians were looking for a faster cruiser type to equip its new force and the Canadian Joint Committee on Tank Development concluded that production would be speeded up if the design of its tank was based on an American design and components rather than British, with the basic American M3 hull selected that formed the basis of the Lee/Grant sponson mounted gun tank, a design deemed unsuitable for British and Canadian use and thus leading to a redesigned upper hull and turret to carry a turret mounted main gun.

RAM Mk.II armed with a 57mm (6-pounder) main gun

The new hull was designed by British tank designer L. E. Carr with a turret that could take either a British 6-pounder (57mm) main gun or the American 75mm gun, whilst retaining the lower hull of the American M3 tank.

The new hull was cast rather than riveted as on the old M3, however by the time production of the RAM II began in February 1942, the decision to focus on production of the Sherman M4A1 as the main Allied tank to equip British, US and Canadian forces had been taken, confirmed in March 1942.

Thus, although RAM production continued on into July 1943 it was doomed to only see service in its turreted model as a training vehicle for Canadian armoured forces.

A RAM Kangeroo in action in the closing stages of the war in Europe

RAM tanks, however still made a contribution to Allied victory in Europe in 1944-45 with their conversion from gun tanks into artillery OP tanks, artillery tractors, flame throwers and perhaps the most long-lasting Canadian contribution, that carried over into post war armoured developments, the first fully tracked armoured personnel carrier, pioneered by the Canadian Lieutenant General Guy Simonds in Normandy using converted or 'defrocked' M7 Priest 105mm SP guns, having had their guns removed, later turning to the RAM Kangeroo, seen above, so codenamed in honour of its ability to carry its babies in its pouch, namely the open space in its fully armoured hull once the turret was removed.   

With its cast hull seen from the back you might think you were looking at the M4A1 Sherman

The RAM heralded the formation of the new Royal Canadian Armoured Corps on the 13th August 1940 and would see 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade in support of 3rd Canadian Infantry Division land in Normandy on D-Day, followed later by the 4th Canadian Armoured Brigade as part of 4th Canadian Armoured Division and including tanks from the British Columbia Regiment or 28th Armoured Regiment.

The 4th Canadian Armoured Division, alongside the Polish 1st Armoured Division would go on to participate in the closing of the Falaise Pocket in August 1944 as the tip of the spearhead of 21st Army's thrust to meet the American breakout forces closing in from south of the town of Falaise.

Map of Operation Totalise 8th-9th August 1944

It was during the early stages of the creation of the Falaise Pocket during Operation Totalise which saw the Allied forces attack south of Caen looking to break through the last defensive German lines south of the city that a famous action occurred on the 8th-9th August 1944 and that links to the other tank outside the Drill Hall below .

The other sentinel on guard outside the Vancouver Drill Hall was this Sherman M4A3E8, the famous 'Easy 8' with its easily recognisable vertical volute spring suspension, wide tracks and 76mm high velocity main gun. The vehicle carries the markings of the 28th Armoured Regiment and is named BOSS in memory of their commander in 1944, Lt. Colonel Donald Grant Worthington, this being the name of his personal command tank.

This tank, though not of the type used by the 28th Armoured Regiment, stands in Vancouver to remember the gallant men of the regiment who fought and died around Hill 140 as part of what became known as 'Worthington Force' named after their commanding officer Lieutenant-Colonel Donald Worthington.

Lt. Colonel Donald Grant Worthington 
Commander of the Canadian 28th Armoured Regiment 

The Official History of the Canadian Army - The Victory Campaign, records the sad but dramatic battle fought by Worthington Force in the Second Phase of Operation Totalise thus;

'During the night and the early hours of the morning of 8 August, the two armoured divisions intended to crack the enemy's second line were moving forward and marshalling in the areas from which the infantry divisions had now advanced. 

By dawn the 4th Canadian Armoured Division was concentrated between Fleury sur-Orne and the Falaise Road. The 10th Infantry Brigade was between Fleury and Ifs and the 4th Armoured Brigade between Ifs and the road, except for the 28thArmoured Regiment (British Columbia Regiment), which was east of the road. Simultaneously the 1st Polish Armoured Division was marshalling south-east of Cormelles

The look of Canadian troops in N.W. Europe 1944-45 - Ronald Volstad
Canadian Forces in WWII - Rene Chartrand (Osprey Men at Arms)

In order to carry out the Corps Commander's intention of completing Phase II as quickly as possible, the commander of the 4th Armoured Brigade (Brigadier E. L.Booth) ordered the 28th Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Regiment), with which The Algonquin Regiment was now grouped, to advance to Point 195 and be on the objective by first light. "Halpenny Force", . . . was to capture Bretteville-le-Rabet.

The attempt by the British Columbia-Algonquin group to carry out its orders produced a most costly action. Having got far off its proper axis during the advance, the force was almost annihilated in the course of the day.

The group moved off from the vicinity of Gaumesnil. After encountering minor resistance as it advanced east of the main road it found "Halpenny Force" preparing to attack Bretteville-le-Rabet.

The officer commanding the group, Lt.-Col. D. G. Worthington of The British Columbia Regiment, decided to drive on "while we still have surprise". His plan was evidently to by-pass the enemy resistance at Bretteville-le-Rabet. This involved circling to the left (that is, eastward), then swinging to the right across the main highway to reach Point 195.

"The light was very poor this early in the morning", and it seems clear that the regiment, fighting its first battle, and advancing across country with few landmarks and dealing with scattered opposition as it did so, simply lost its way.

 A single troop of "B" Squadron kept to what was evidently the intended line of advance--the stretch of open country between the villages of Grainville-Langannerie and Quesnay--and reached Point 151, south of Grainville and fairly close to the objective, before finding itself hopelessly isolated and withdrawing.

But the main body went east ofthe village of Estrées-la-Campagne instead of west of it. Shortly, in the words of the British Columbia Regiment's diarist, "High ground was sighted and we headed for it." The high ground now taken up--which was to be only too easily identified for the historian by the riddled hulls of the regiment's tanks†--was found in and around a field surrounded by hedgerows and scrub some 2000 yards east of Estrées.

Phase 2 of Operation Totalise and the Movement of Worthington Force

It was on the wrong side of the Falaise Road and about 6500 yards north-east of the objective. Nevertheless, the group believed itself on the objective (it seems possible that Lt.- Col. Worthington had mistaken the lateral road running east from Estrées for the Falaise Road) and it so informed Headquarters 4th Armoured Brigade. 

At 6:43 a.m. it reported, "Objective less 1800 metres . . . forming up now to reach objective". At 6:55 a.m. the following message was entered in the brigade log: Objective 0650 hrs. No evidence of enemy occupation-but recent signs. . . . We are holding until our friends come forward to consolidate.

At 7:55 a.m. the group, in answer to an inquiry, gave its position, as recorded in the log, as map reference 0964. This position is actually close to Caen, and it seems clear that the person keeping the log intended to write 0946, the simple map reference for the square containing Point 195.

Having taken up its mistaken position, the group remained upon it, waiting for the reinforcements which--in the light of the reports it had made of its whereabouts--could never come. 

The troops present were "C' Squadron of the 28th Armoured Regiment, the greater part of "B", and two companies of the Algonquin Regiment."A" Squadron and another Algonquin company had been coming on in rear as reserve. Only two tanks of "A" got through to join the main body.

The experienced German tank officers lost no time in assailing this strong enemy group which after approaching their positions had come, so inexplicably it must have seemed, to a halt. 

At a time not precisely specified, but between 8:08 and 8:41 a.m., the 28th Armoured Regiment reported to Brigade, "Have run into enemy and lost ten tanks" and inquired whether it was possible to have artillery support. 

At 8:49 Brigade Headquarters asked for the location of the "opposition", to which the 28th Armoured Regiment replied, "Same as 2 hrs ago. Approx 500 yds SE." Brigade evidently arranged for fire on this rather vaguely defined target, and at 9:07 asked, "Are you getting required support now?" No answer came; and thereafter there was only silence.

According to post-war narratives written by officers of the 12th S.S. Panzer Divisionthe British Columbia tanks had been seen by Lieut. Bernhard-Georg Meitzel, an officer of the division's headquarters, who reported their presence to Battle Group Wünsche, the 12th S.S. armoured group.*Part of the Battle Group was then sent against them, Tigers going in from the west, while Panthers circled round and attacked from the east.

This was the beginning of a long day of bitter fighting in which continued attacks by German tanks and infantry gradually wore down the isolated Canadian detachment.

The Divisional Marking of Canadian 4th Armoured Division

. . . No ground help reached the group during the day. At one stage tanks, believed to be Polish, appeared in the distance; but they first fired upon our men, and when yellow recognition smoke stopped the firing they themselves came under German attack and were driven back, losing several tanks. 

The most encouraging support the group received was that of a brace of Typhoon fighter-bombers. They too fired on the position until warned with yellow smoke. Thereafter, "They returned at half-hour intervals all day long, rocketing and strafing the enemy around us. They were heartily cheered many times during the day."

Early in the afternoon Lt.-Col. Worthington, finding there were some eight tanks undamaged, ordered them to break out of the position and run for it. They got out safely, but although a report of their return was received by 4th Armoured Brigade at 3:00 p.m. through a liaison officer with the Poles, this does not seem to have produced any firm information of the group's position, at least immediately.

The enemy continued to attack with both armour and infantry. A British officer who was in the position wrote later: "At 1830 hours [6:30 p.m.] a strong enemy counter-attack came in. It was met by the infantry and tank crews with small arms and grenades. Serious losses were inflicted on the enemy who then withdrew. At this stage of the battle I saw one soldier, shot through the thigh and with a broken leg, still throwing grenades. Every man who was still conscious was firing some type of weapon."

At about this time Lt.Col. Worthington, who had directed the fight with cool courage throughout the day, was killed by a mortar bomb. At dusk, as a final German attack was coming in, the surviving Canadians who could do so slipped out of the position. Most of them succeeded in making their way into the Polish lines. Lieut. Meitzel, the German prisoner, says that he persuaded one group, after an initial refusal, to let him guide them to the German lines where they surrendered.

A line up of 4th Canadian Armoured Division Sherman tanks and the types used by the 28th Armoured Regiment in Europe. The long 17-pounder gunned Sherman Firefly tanks are immediately obvious and used with great effect against German tanks.

This episode, with its tragic mixture of gallantry and ineptitude, had been appallingly costly. The British Columbia Regiment lost 47 tanks--almost its entire tank strength--in its first day's fighting, and its personnel casualties on 9 August totalled, as closely as they can be calculated, 112, of which 40 officers and men were killed or died of wounds and 34 became prisoners.

The Algonquin Regiment's total casualties as reported for 9 and 10 August came to 128, including 45 officers and men killed or died of wounds, and 45 taken prisoner.

The great majority were undoubtedly suffered on the 9th by the two companies that had been with the B.C.R. Such losses would have been deeply regrettable even had they been the price of success. Unfortunately, they were suffered in the course of a tactical reverse which did much to prevent us from seizing a strategical opportunity of the first magnitude.'

The rear plate of 'Boss' representing the Command Tank of Lt Col Worthington and carrying the tactical markings of the 4th Canadian Armoured Division together with the unit sign '53' on a red background for 28th BCR Armoured Regiment.

Two very interesting tanks representing the development of the modern Canadian armoured forces from their inception in WWII and the tragic but heroic stand of the British Columbia 28th Armoured Regiment in Normandy.

Both vehicles serve as memorials to the Canadian's who volunteered and died in WWII, a very long way from home and in my mind, like the best memorials to the sacrifice of others, they are passed by daily by those lucky enough to benefit from that sacrifice and to live in much more peaceful times, which is testament to the successful outcome of their service and the best possible memorial.

Carolyn and I had a fantastic stay in Vancouver and can well recommend a visit if you have never been, but after a couple of days we were all set to resume our odyssey to another very interesting destination.

More anon

Monday 17 October 2022

Naval Wargames Society Weekend - Fleet Air Arm Museum Yeovilton

This weekend Steve W and I travelled up to Somerset to spend Saturday at the Fleet Air Arm Museum in Yeovilton as guests of the Naval Wargames Society for their annual gathering, an opportunity to play naval wargames with other like minds, and to meet other folks and chat about the hobby.

For our debut game representing the Devon Wargames Group, Steve and I were the survivors of an original team from the club, reduced by other members forced to drop out through a combination of vaccine injections for flu and Covid the day before, family bereavement and choir duties.

The Leeward Line Scenario, seemed an appropriate game of choice to play in this, the week of the 217th anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar.

Thus we travelled up from Exeter to arrive just after 09.00 to set up a modified version of The Leeward Line Scenario, using Kiss Me Hardy (KMH), recreating the attack of Vice-Admiral Collingwood's Leeward British column of ships on the rearward part of the Combined Fleet's line at Trafalgar, this being the week of the two hundredth and seventeenth anniversary of the battle.

The table plan for our game, which saw me adding in the Achille and Revenge to the British attack force and the Aigle, Montanes and Swiftsure to the line of the Combined Fleet.

The Leeward Line Scenario is a great game to run in a day, and one we have run several times before, representing as it does a discreet but massively impactful part of the Battle of Trafalgar as Collingwood brought his squadron into battle first, well aware of the importance for his ships to quickly overwhelm those of the enemy, as Nelson's force busied themselves dealing with Allied centre and fending off any attempt by their van to turn about and come to the rescue.

For this particular game I increased the two forces with additional ships that joined the fray later in the battle and added the Allied frigate line, purely for cosmetic purposes, this being as much a demonstration game as anything, to give the impression of the look of the battle in this part of the Allied line.

It's just after 10.00 and Steve and I are desperate for a brew, but while it was still quiet and with the game set up to go, time for a quick team picture.

This was my first time attending an NWS gathering and it was great fun meeting folks I have been chatting to via email in previous months and to wonder around later in the morning to take a look at the other games we had in the hall.

In addition the venue is a museum for the Fleet Air Arm, open to the public to see the amazing collection of aircraft and other items associated with the Royal Navy and an opportunity for them to see our hobby in action and to promote it to a wider audience.

Let Battle Commence - The opening stage of the Battle of Trafalgar, captured by Nicholas Pocock and reproduced in our game this weekend.

After a refreshing cuppa, Steve and I proceeded to get the game going with Steve taking command of the British and myself running the Allied line.

The Royal Sovereign, blazing away with her bow chasers prepares to open fire with her broadsides as she closes on the stern galleries of the Santa Anna, having already suffered high officer casualties and a lost main mast in the approach run

With the flagship Royal Sovereign 100-guns, positioned just beyond extreme gunnery range, and sailing on a NW quartering wind, it takes little time for her and her consorts to close the range whilst enjoying the delights of a bombardment of the rigging from the Franco-Spanish line on their approach.

Our rules for the day, Kiss Me Hardy from the Too Fat Lardies
with a few added house-rules!

The game was not without drama, as is usual with most KMH games, even in the first turn, as Steve managed to roll up a wind change, causing the wind to shift a point to westward, putting the wind on his stern rather than the quarter and reducing the British speed to basic plus 1d6 cm of movement, whilst the Santa Anna 112-guns, managed to roll a ten on a d10 on the critical hit table against the British flagship's rigging, bringing down her mainmast and causing high officer casualties, not for the first time in our game, forcing Collingwood to take a survivors die roll which he subsequently passed.

The day kept getting better as we were joined by the Penarth boys who seamlessly joined the game and added yet more fun. We're about to start turn two, so time for a new team picture.

Just as we prepared to start the second turn of the game we were joined by chaps from the Penarth Club, who had travelled down from deepest darkest South Wales to see the show and to come and chat age-of-sail and games played in glorious 1:700th scale, and so it was great fun that they were happy to join in, with the sides quickly rearranged and with me resuming duties as umpire and chit drawer.

With commands sorted out, we got stuck in, as the British ships attacking in echelon started to attempt to break in amongst the Allied line.

The Santa Anna 112-guns wreathed in smoke from her previous broadside, braces herself for the return salute as the Royal Sovereign, flying her battle signal 'Engage the Enemy More Closely', prepares to deliver her a close in stern-rake and a similar bow-rake to the French 74-gun Fougueux sailing in her wake. The British 74-gun Belleisle follows the flagship in close support.

The Royal Sovereign, battered but not bowed prepared her salute in style, issuing a crushing broadside stern rake to the Santa Anna as she passed, and a similar 'welcome to battle', bow rake to the Fougueux 74-guns, sailing in the Spaniard's wake, turning on to the starboard side of the Spanish flagship in preparation for her day long duel with the Santa Anna and the French Indomptable 80-guns. 

As the Royal Sovereign breaks the Allied line and begins to turn, she is followed by the Belleisle 74 guns, adding to the woes of the Fougueux with a stern rake added to the bow rake she has just received. The Indomptable closest to camera joins the fray with a first broadside on the oncoming British flagship. Battle well and truly joined!

As the Royal Sovereign turned to draw level with the Santa Anna, she was herself engaged by the 80-gun Indomptable and the battle was a tense struggle that would see her and the two first rates heavily engaged and seeing both flagships forced to take strike tests throughout as new thresholds of damage were inflicted and with the Santa Anna narrowly avoiding striking right at the close of our game and with Collingwood forced to test for becoming a casualty yet again as the second critical hit of  'High Officer Casualties' was inflicted on the Royal Sovereign.

The British attack develops in the wake of the Royal Sovereign and Belleisle as following ships arrive in echelon of attack.

The Royal Sovereign was like the herald sounding the charge as the rolling attack began with Belleisle gliding in to cross the stern of the Fougueux causing a fire amid the carnage of the fire received, before turning to cross the bow of the Algeciras 74-gun flagship of Rear-admiral Magon herself taken in a stern rake by the Mars 74-guns; leaving the Frenchman shattered as the Mars came on to bow-rake the Spanish Monarca 74-guns, now further forward in the line as ships ahead were forced to take avoiding action as the British ships closed in.

The Mars 74-guns (centre of picture) having fired her bow chasers on the approach crosses the stern of Rear-admiral Magon's 74-gun Algeciras, with his command tricolour pennant flying on the mizzen as the Belleisle 74-guns aims to cut across her bow having stern-raked the Fougeueux and caused a fire on the French third rate (extreme right of picture) .

As in most things numbers often tell the story as clearly as any description and the depiction of the ship record sheets that follow help to clearly illustrate the hammering each side was inflicting at short or point-blank range, with the Royal Sovereign below, displaying her scars of her day long struggle with the Santa Anna and Indomptable on either broadside, but clearly able to give as good as she got when looking at the damage inflicted on her assailants.

The Royal Sovereign displays medium damage, that doesn't quite capture the drama of three strike tests, easily passed, but with very high casualties to her officers and a main mast lost, resulting in over half her basic speed reduced due to the damage to her rigging, and with nearly half her batteries destroyed.

When assessing damage for our campaign and for after battle results, ships are categorised, according to their hull damage and dismasting, with the strike level on the 'Damage Points' section of the ship records indicative of Worn (5-15%), Light Damage (20-25%), Medium Damage (30-35%) and Heavy Damage (40% plus and/or dismasted).

The battle with the Royal Sovereign has left the Santa Anna with heavy damage, probably saved by the intervention from the Indomptable, only lightly damaged in comparison, but having lost nearly 40% of her gun batteries.

This scenario recreates the fight that broke out at the end of the Combined Fleet's line as the British ships aimed to pass between two enemies and then turn to luff up alongside their chosen foe to follow up the crushing stern rake just delivered with another close in broadside from the previously unfired guns, with an enemy ship still reeling from the stern rake and unable to escape with an enemy ship to leeward.

A battle within a battle as the Devonport based Royal Sovereign takes on Santa Anna and Indomptable and with the crew of the Royal Sovereign having to fight a fire as well as two enemy ships. 

As each turn progressed more British ships were doing the 'wash, rinse, repeat' on the Franco-Spanish line that was a mess at the start but becoming decidedly more so as the British ships brought on the ship-to-ship melee that only favoured them in the long-term.

The ship record cards that follow are grouped in the order of sailing and thus you can get a comparison between the discreet groups of opposing ships that ended up battering one another as these fights broke out along the line of Combined Fleet ships, with the battle below well illustrated between Belleisle, Mars, Fougueux and Monarca, with the two British third-rates carrying the damage principally from their run in and with their opponents having been shattered by the passing rakes they received, that saw both strike before our day was over.

The brig Argus is a spectator to the fight going on on her larboard side as the Mars grapples the Fougueux and prepares to board, and the French Pluton can be seen on fire (back left of picture).

The Algeciras, Rear-admiral Magon's flagship (right of picture) finds herself grappled by the Tonnant as Royal Marines lead a storming party over her bulwarks, as the Bellerophon closes in on Monarca just aft.

The Nelsonian melee is well underway in the afternoon session of the game as the last three ships in the British echelon, Colossus 74-guns, Achille 74-guns and Revenge 74 guns, prepare to engage, with the Montanes, Aigle and Swiftsure their likely targets.

As the British charge in, the Bahama 74-guns has just swung her bow to starboard to avoid colliding with the oncoming Bellerophon 74-guns whilst firing off a broadside at the oncoming Colossus. Behind her can be seen the Spanish 74-gun Montanes, the French 74-gun Aigle and closest to camera the 74-gun Swiftsure.

With Admiral Magon's flagship Algeciras grappled, she is forced to take a strike test now having been raked yet again by the passing Bellerophon and will strike in the next turn. Meanwhile everyone is giving the now struck but well alight Pluton 74-guns, burning in the background a very wide berth as the intensity of the fire takes hold causing the French third-rate to explode very soon.

As our game draws into its final moves, the ends of both opposing lines come to grips, with the French frigates Themis and Hermione onlookers to the melee off their larboard sides, but ready to offer a tow to a friendly comrade that needs to be dragged free from the struggle.

The last group of ship cards shows the vessels that received the least damage when the game finished as they were just coming into close action when we called an end to proceedings.

The game has reached a key decision point with the French flagship Algeciras losing its fight with the Tonnant and about to strike and with three other Combined Fleet vessels already struck or blown up in the case of the Pluton, the Allies have passed their breakoff threshold and Vice Admiral Alava will have to test to see if he loses his nerve and signals a withdrawal, but first needing to pass a strike test of his own in the fight between Santa Anna and the Royal Sovereign. 

We had had a great day, with lots of laughs and plenty of banter with like minds and it was great fun and a pleasure spending the time with the Penarth boys and we have plans to do some other future games.

Not only that but the game ended on two cliff hangers for the final result, with the Santa Anna, the only surviving Allied flagship now on the table, forced to take a strike test, and with this part of the Combined Fleet now having passed its threshold of three ships lost having to pass a break off test.

The Royal Sovereign now having put out her fire but still hotly engaged when our game ended and managing to cause the Santa Anna to take another strike test, that she passed

Our game kept on giving as all eyes turned to the dice tower as Santa Anna took her strike test and passed with flying colours, that allowed Admiral Alava to assess the situation that faced his battered end of the line as the break off test was rolled needing a 5 or 6 on a d6 to allow the Allies to continue the struggle as a cohesive force, which was also passed.

After three hours of battle, the destruction wrought at Trafalgar, captured by Nicholas Pocock

A picture straight out off Pocock's imagination, the battle lines have merged into a mess of battered opponents, leaving four of the Combined Fleet's ten starting ships, now captured or lost.

The end result was only headed in one direction when we closed the game and it was only a matter of time before the remaining Allied ships would attempt to break contact, but the Allied commanders could feel justly proud of still being on the table as a cohesive fighting force at the end and in having given the British flagship a bit of a battering, narrowly missing taking out Vice-admiral Collingwood in the process.

Kiss Me Hardy performed yet again, producing a fast flowing game with lots of drama as well as a game full of narrative that I've tried to capture here. The models featured are all 1:700th scale from Warlord's Black Seas range, a scale that works easily with KMH, with no need to change anything and the cloth is one of Tiny Wargames excellent offerings, held snug to the table with my recently acquired table cloth weights that were clipped on at each end

Thank you to the NWS for putting on the show and to the Fleet Air Arm Museum for providing their excellent facilities, that included access to the museum, something I didn't get chance to partake in but will no doubt do so on another occasion, and to everyone we got to chat to during the day and who came over to watch the game, both Steve and I had a great day and I think we might well have to do this again.

More anon